ITM realize that mining activities, especially open pit mining, have potential to cause impacts on the environment, including changes in the landscape and the ecosystems within it. Therefore, ITM is committed to reducing the impact of land damage through disturbed land management plan and reclamation in accordance with Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA) guidelines and mine closure plan.
- Biodiversity Study: In collaboration with third parties such as research institutes, universities or conservation organizations, ITM implement biodiversity study activities to obtain a biodiversity baseline that will be used as a reference in preparing biodiversity management plan.
- Impact & risk assessment: ITM conducts biodiversity impact and risk assessments as part of the biodiversity management plan. Direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity values from mining operations are identified and risks assessed to be managed in the future.
- Plan & target determination: In managing biodiversity, ITM sets goals and targets to be achieved. Targets are set specifically and realistically explaining clearly what is to be achieved and when the deadline is, and linked to the overall mine reclamation and mine closure strategy.
- Biodiversity action plan: To achieve the goals and targets of biodiversity conservation, ITM has developed an action plan for biodiversity management. This plan can stand alone or be combined into an environmental management plan. In addition, ITM also developed a biodiversity roadmap to achieve long-term goals and targets.
- Mitigation hierarchy
Whenever possible, ITM anticipates and avoids the impact of mining operations on biodiversity. Anticipation involves the initial planning of the project with the approach of site selection, project design and scheduling.
For impacts that cannot be completely avoided, ITM takes steps to minimize the impact of mining operations on biodiversity. Several approaches include adjusting the physical design of infrastructure, managing activities and reducing pollutant levels.
Management of impacts on biodiversity is carried out through rehabilitation and reclamation activities. ITM prepares a reclamation plan that is integrated with the overall mining plan. This plan must consider the status of pre-mining biodiversity from the results of biodiversity study and final mining baseline to be achieved.
Offsetting is a measurable conservation outcome derived from actions in unaffected areas that offset significant adverse impacts that cannot be avoided, minimized and/or restored. ITM can have two forms of offset, which is restoration offset and loss protection or loss prevention offset.
- Monitoring & evaluation: Biodiversity monitoring activities are implemented periodically so that changes in biodiversity status continue to be documented and the results become input for management improvement actions.